Blockchain Usecases – Government & Enterprises
Governments are using blockchain in the vast areas of transportation, taxation, voting, supply chain, energy, and healthcare. Blockchain ensures the governments a secure, fast, and safe system for conducting their regular activities. Since the topic is the blockchain government use cases, the introduction to what a blockchain is kept brief.
Why do governments want to use Blockchain technology?
The current government systems without blockchain applications are insecure, costly, and less efficient. The government adopts blockchain technology to make its system more secure, agile, and less expensive. The government uses blockchain technology to escape from the isolated and incapable centralized systems that are insecure in nature from a cybersecurity point of view.
Blockchain technology enables government to:-
- Store the recorded data on the government, people and business firms secure and organized.
- Reduce the number of people employed makes the process easier by eliminating the labour-intensive aspects from it.
- Reduce the costs involved in the storing, processing and maintaining the data of the government files effectively.
- Eliminate the scope of corruption in the government system. This makes the system fair and competent. This, in turn, will earn goodwill for the government as it becomes abuse-free.
- The trust of the citizens, organizations and entities on government and its activities increases. The online functioning of the government will become widespread and more trusted.
- Use the blockchain technology to improve a nation’s cybersecurity and to integrate all of its services that are highly connected.
Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain Startups List
Algorand is a project which aims to set up a blockchain system that is very transparent and adequately decentralized. It ensures success to everyone through the highly decentralized projects. Algorand helps to improve the performance, transparency and the security of a decentralized network. Algorand uses scientific research and influential business leaders; this makes it more reliable and efficient. Blockchain technology has individual flaws. They are frequently slow, and it cannot handle the massive number of transactions flowing through the economy each day. Blockchain systems are sometimes permissioned; this makes the power concentrated in the hands of the very few key players. Algorand solves these flaws in the blockchain technology, making the transactions very fast, highly decentralized and reduces the costs down further.
ICON is blockchain technology and a framework that is designed to enable the independent blockchains to interact with each other. ICON has its cryptocurrency token, ICX. ICON is also the most significant cryptocurrency of South Korea. ICON being a South Korean company created the technology to make the decentralized system and its network to converge at a point. ICON allows the individual communities to have control of their policies. This reduces all the possible friction points. The decision making of the communities vary, and their methods are managed “community nodes”. The community representatives, who are the decision-makers, are allowed to have a say in the way that the community interacts with the “ICON Republic”. Different communities are connected by the ICON Republic.
Power Ledger is an Australian company that is involved in the “peer-to-peer” energy trading. Power Ledger uses blockchain technology and cryptocurrency to buy and sell renewable energy in a decentralized way. Though, this energy market is subject to many rules and regulations, the customers get a vast variety of energy markets across the world to trade energy with. The market of Power Ledger works on two different layers of blockchain technology. The first one is called the POWR tokens, and these permit the consumers and the providers of energy (called the hosts) to interact. They are protected by Smart Bond technology. The second one is called the Sparkz tokens. Sparkz tokens are used to transact energy in the market without any friction. The POWR tokens can be converted into the Sparkz tokens. The Initial Coin Offering (ICO) for the POWR tokens was the largest in Australia and the 14th largest in the world.
RSK is a smart contract platform and is a decentralized blockchain. It is connected to the bitcoin blockchain technology through sidechain technology. Sidechains are separate blockchains that are parallel but still connected to the main or the parent blockchain. They are interchangeable, the parent blockchain, and the sidechain. Security tokens, coins can be changed from the parent blockchain to the sidechain and vice-versa. It uses monetary bounties to attract the security professional and developers to find the weakness in the system so that it can be improved to offer better overall security for its stakeholders. This makes RSK more favorable than Ethereum, and hence, it is sometimes considered as a threat to Ethereum.
Use cases of blockchain by governments across the world
Estonia was the first country in the world to start experimenting with blockchain technology. It started using the technology in the production systems. Blockchain technology has enabled the Estonian government services available to its people online 24/7. Taxation, purchase and sales and even medical prescriptions have become predominantly online due to the blockchain technology. When the people all over the world think that the government services are substandard to that of the private companies, the Estonian people trust their government better than the private companies, again due to the blockchain technology.
Georgia is the world’s third-largest miner of cryptocurrencies. The environment in Georgia, both political and technological, is very favourable for technological innovations. Blockchain technology has made property registration in Georgia more reliable and transparent. It has improved the trust that the Georgian people have on their government, and it has enabled the proper enforcement of the law, protection of fundamental human rights. It has also made the system more efficient and helped in reducing the costs attached to the registration process.
Chile uses the blockchain technology in the energy department. The government of Chile uses Ethereum (a cryptocurrency) in the blockchain system to track, maintain the data and the financial transactions. This usage of blockchain technology ensures the security of data and its accountability. The people’s trust in the energy department has increased manifold. The government continues to experiment the blockchain technology in energy.
The United States of America
A cybersecurity shield is being created using the blockchain technology by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). It will be used to send secure messages, to communicate between units, bases and officers. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has invested $49 million to build a blockchain system to cut back costs and operational difficulties.
The United Kingdom
The United Kingdom government has initiated to build a blockchain system for its real estate industry. To facilitate a friction-free marine trade, the Associated British Ports (APB) tested the possibility of using the blockchain technology.
India and Blockchain Technology
The Democratic Party of India was the first political party in the whole of Asia to adopt blockchain technology into its system and organize its activities centring on it. Mr Sanjay Dhotre, the former Minister of State for Electronics and Information Technology, replied to a question raised in Lok Sabha saying that “Blockchain technology is one of the most important research areas having application potential in different domains such as governance, banking and finance, cybersecurity and so on.”
Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has been keenly observing and overlooking the developments in the blockchain technology. Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology (IDRBT) is the technology research wing of the Reserve Bank of India. The IDBRT, in the month of July in 2016, started its research by discovering the different applications of blockchain to the Indian Banking and Financial Industry. It did so by organizing a workshop, inviting the stakeholders like the bankers, regulators and the “technological partners”. All the experts from the banking sector such as the Punjab National Bank, State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, Deutsche Bank, Bank of Baroda, HDFC Bank, Axis Bank, Citi Bank; other firms like Infosys, TCS, Deloitte, MonteGo and IBM Research were also invited. This group analyzed the advantages of Blockchain Technology.
Read about Smart Contracts: Here
Read about Tokenization.
Read about Bonds Issuance on Ethereum: Here
Dharshini R is an undergraduate economics student from LSR College, New Delhi. She likes math, economics, and finance.